Researchers have speculated that ancient humans may have to endure the harsh winter months to survive, as modern-day animals do.
In the Ataporica, an archaeological site near Burgos in northern Spain, human remains have been found in the shape of a stone in the Cema de los Huesos (burial pit) and the burial chamber. Scientists have come to this conclusion after examining these remains. Through microscopes and CT scans, experts discovered that there were signs of damage to these bones, which are about 430,000 years old, and that the damage to another bone was similar to that seen in hibernating animals.
Ancient man is thought to have been able to slow down the process of chemical changes in his body and sleep for many months in severe cold weather. This was a time when it was very difficult to find food.
Van Luis Ersuega, head of the Ataporica Foundation, and Anton Bartasaika, of the Democrats University of Thrace in Greece, acknowledged that.
However, in an article published in the journal Ecology in December, the researchers pointed out that ‘mammals and animals such as monkeys and langurs’, such as tree-dwelling animals and mammals ‘laurels’, spend the winter sleeping. ۔ These animals show that the genetic basis and anatomy required for such slow chemical changes can be preserved in many mammals, including humans.
Patrick Randolph Quinn, a forensic anthropologist at the University of Northumberland, Newcastle, told The Guardian: “This is a very interesting argument and will certainly be debated. However, there are other explanations for the visible changes in the bones found in Seema, and before we can reach a factual conclusion, these explanations must be given full attention. I believe this has not been done yet.
According to the Ataporica Foundation’s website, excavations at the Seema de los Hughes have been carried out every year since 1983, and so far five and a half thousand human skeletons have been unearthed that need to be discussed. These bones, which were deliberately thrown into the bottom of the cave, are believed to have traced the evolution of ancient man to Europe.